What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a Specific Learning Difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent reading and spelling. Although weaknesses in literacy are often the most visible sign, dyslexia is not only about literacy. It is believed to affect around 850,000 people living in London. Up to 10% of the UK population experiences dyslexia to some degree, with 4% of the population having a severe form of it.
Dyslexia is a neurological condition that occurs at all level of intellectual ability, affects all races and has no relation to intelligence. It affects the way information is processed, stored and retrieved; resulting with inefficiencies of memory, speed of processing, time perception, organisation and sequencing. Some dyslexics may also have difficulty with directions, navigating a route or telling left from right.
Dyslexia is not a disease or a condition that can be cured, and it is not something that is only experienced in childhood and is later grown out of. Dyslexia is usually a hereditary condition, but dyslexic difficulties can also be acquired as a result of a significant head injury.
Early recognition and appropriate intervention can and do help a great deal, however most individuals will still experience some difficulties throughout their lives. The majority learn to develop strategies to enable them to cope most of the time, although in stressful situations coping strategies can fail and dyslexia-related problems surface.
Many dyslexics develop strong creative, entrepreneurial or interpersonal skills.
Specific Learning Difficulties
Specific Learning Difficulties (SpLD) is an umbrella term used to cover a range of frequently co-occurring learning difficulties affecting academic, language, and speech skills. These include dyslexia, as well as:
People with dyslexia will often have more than one Specific Learning Difficulty.